by Tanja

In The Netherlands, the selling of weed is tolerated. So called ‘coffee shops’ sell marihuana. In 2017 in Amsterdam there are 173 coffee shops. In 2011, there was talk of a Dutch weed pass system. This not the case in Amsterdam. In 2019 in Amsterdam, all tourists and locals who are over the age of 18 are welcome to buy marihuana and smoke it in coffee shops.

10 Questions about Amsterdam coffee shops

1. Can I smoke in cannabis cafés and hash bars?

The smoking of drugs like cannabis and hash is not legal but tolerated in Amsterdam. You can freely buy and smoke up to 5 grams of hash, weed, pot, cannabis, and marijuana in special hash bars, known as coffee shops. You may smoke cannabis openly in the streets in Amsterdam.

2. Can I smoke pot in the streets in Amsterdam?

In general, there will not be any problem when you smoke pot in the streets of Amsterdam. But lighting a joint on the terrace of café or bar in Amsterdam is not allowed in most bars. The restaurant or bar itself does not allow it.

In some areas in Amsterdam smoking pot in the streets is officially banned. When this is the case, there is a sign. The reason is that young people smoking in the street cause annoyance for the neighbors. But you won’t get arrested if you smoke a joint in the streets in Amsterdam.

Sign that says smoking marihuana is not allowed.

2. What are the Amsterdam coffee shop smoking rules in 2019?

The Amsterdam coffee shops need to have a license to sell marihuana and hasj. Hasj bars also need to abide by certain rules. If they don’t obey the coffee shop rules of Amsterdam, they can be closed.

  • No advertising
  • No hard drugs, only marihuana products
  • No entrance (and sale ) for people under 18 years
  • Max. 5 grams per person per day
  • Stock pile of max. 500 gram
  • No alcohol
  • Not located within 350 meter of a school
  • Closing time is max. 01.00 am.

3. Is weed legal in Amsterdam?

Pot, weed, marijuana and hash are free to consume in Amsterdam, as long as it’s clearly it is meant for you personally. This means you may have no more than 5 grams in your pocket.

Strictly speaking, weed is not legal in Amsterdam. If you are caught carrying between 5 and 30 grams you can get fined for € 75. Carrying more than 30 grams of weed in Amsterdam is a crime. You can get up to two years in prison and/or a fine of  € 16.750.

Serious drug dealing like large scale production or importing or exporting marijuana can lead up to four years in prison and fines up to € 67.000 in The Netherlands. All other drugs, like XTC, cocaine or crack are just as illegal as in any other country.

4. How much is weed in Amsterdam?

The prices of weed and hash vary from € 6 per gram to € 20 and more. The coffee shops have many varieties for sale and there is always a menu available.

Candy with THC is not for sale in The Netherlands. The lollies and candy ‘with marihuana’ they sell at souvenir shops don’t have any THC (the working ingredient) in them.

Coffee shops in the center of the city are more expensive. Some force you to buy at least € 25. At some coffee shops in the centre of Amsterdam you are not allowed to sit and smoke your own weed. You may only smoke the weed you buy there.

5. How do coffee shops get their weed?

Coffee Shop Amsterdam Westerstraat
Coffee shop in Amsterdam Westerstraat.

Coffee shops are allowed to sell cannabis and hash, but officially, they are not allowed to buy it.

Growing marihuana is also not allowed in Holland.

Back-door policy

Amsterdam coffee shops have to sneak the drugs in through the back-door. As soon as it’s inside the coffee shop, they’re safe.

This is called the ‘Amsterdam back-door policy’ on soft-drugs.

Moroccan hash

All weed and hash that the Dutch coffee shops sell are grown and transported illegally. Most of the hash and pot are imported. The hash mostly comes from Morocco. Sometimes the names of the drugs on the menu tell you where it comes from: Thai, Libanon, Afghan, Malawi, etc.

Dutch weed

The Dutch weed comes from Dutch growers. Dutch weed is often grown indoors with artificial light and in greenhouses. A lot of the Dutch weed is very strong, with high levels of THC. Amsterdam coffeeshops sell mostly Moroccan hash.

6. Are Amsterdam coffee shops banned for tourists?

In Dutch cities around the border of the Netherlands with Germany and Belgium, many foreigners cross the border just to buy pot in Dutch coffee shop. These cities say there are much crime and violence that is related to the drugs trafficking by tourists.

To tackle the disturbances, in 2011 the Dutch government decided that hash and marijuana may only be sold to a person living in Holland (Dutch residents). Customers will need to show ID and a proof that are legal inhabitants of The Netherlands.

Amsterdam weed pass does not exist

In Amsterdam, the weed pass does not exist. Tourists and locals are free to buy weed in a coffee shop in Amsterdam.

7. How many coffee shops are there in Holland?

The total amount of coffee shops in The Netherlands is falling. In 1999 there were 846 coffee shops in 103 Dutch cities. In 2017 there were 582. All these coffee shops sell a total of 100.000 kg of cannabis every year. This is about 70% of the cannabis that is sold in The Netherlands. About 30% is sold in other ways: home dealers and delivery service. Most bigger cities in Holland have a coffee shop. 

There are now 193 coffeeshops in Amsterdam. This about one third of all the shops in Holland.

Since 2014, the distance between a school and coffee shop must be at least 350 meters. Because of that new rule, 43 coffee shops in Amsterdam had to close. A coffee shop can also be closed on the  mayor’s orders, when a cofee shop does not abide the Dutch cofee shop laws. A coffee shop will always be closed by authorities when hard drugs like ecstasy or cocaine is found.

8. When was the first coffee shop in Amsterdam?

Hash and marihuana came to Amsterdam after the Second World War. The Americans introduced the pot in Amsterdam: American soldiers based in Germany who came to Amsterdam on leave and American jazz musicians who followed their tracks.

The first coffee shop in Amsterdam was Mellow Yellow in the 1970s (closed in 1978) (and Sarasani in Utrecht). The city council more or less accepted or tolerated the new cannabis bar in Amsterdam. The oldest, still existing coffee shop in Amsterdam is Coffeeshop Rusland in Amsterdam, opened in 1975. It’s still at the same location. Another is The Bulldog, also opened in 1975. The Bulldog now owns a large chain of coffeeshops in Amsterdam, including hotels and souvenir shops.

9. Why were coffee shops allowed in Amsterdam?

From around 1975 till 1990, drugs were a huge problem. Large amounts of hard drugs were flowing into the city (as everywhere else in the western world). Junkies addicted to heroin and cocaine swamped the area around the Red Light District: Zeedijk, Amsterdam Chinatown and the Dam, turning this area into a drug dealer paradise. Crime soured.

In the 1960s and 1970s Amsterdam was very popular among hippies. The hippies loved smoking marihuana in Amsterdam. As marihuana is not very addictive. The hippies were happy, peaceful people who did not cause much disturbances like the heroin junkies. The Amsterdam authorities, in their fight to get control, decided to focus on tackling the heroine and cocaine problem. The hippies were left in peace.

The Opium Act (1976) stated a strict distinction between soft drugs: hash and marijuana and hard drugs like cocaine and heroin. This law made it possible for more smoking houses to arise. For many years, Amsterdam was the only place in the world where you can smoke marihuana, although officially it has never been legal.

But since a few years, around the world, the laws against marihuana are not so strict. It is allowed to smoke in some states in America, in Uruquay and Canada (2018). Weed Advisor is for cannabis consumers.

Cannabis seeds, Autoflowering seeds, Greenhouse, Sweet Seeds, Dutch Passion

10. Are XTC, GHB, LSD, speed and cocaine legal in Holland?

An Amsterdam coffee shop can only sell soft drugs: hash, stuff, pot, cannabis, weed, and marijuana. Cannabis bars in Holland don’t sell drugs that are considered hard drugs, such as XTC, GHB, LSD, speed or cocaine.

Possession of hard drugs is a crime in The Netherlands. Maximum penalty for possession is 4 years in prison and/or € 67.000 fine. Maximum penalty for dealing hard drugs is 8 years in prison; importing drugs to the Netherlands: 12 years in prison.

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Leave a Comment


Veggi August 9, 2011 - 16:49


Is it still possible to go to amsterdam and smoke at a coffeshop or is it only for dutch people now?

Tanja August 10, 2011 - 20:27

Don’t worry. The coffee shop pass has not been introduced and it it’s not sure at all if it will ever happen. Local governments strongly oppose the plans. At least until 2012 tourists will be able to smoke in coffee shops….

gab September 13, 2011 - 14:21

not so good for the economy per se

mysteryguy March 3, 2012 - 18:03

What about in 2012? When does the “weed pass” go into effect for Amsterdam?

Carbs December 2, 2011 - 00:01

It will save most of the tourist economy if the planned operations of licensing the pot do not happend..

robert christi April 24, 2012 - 15:22

sorry guys but “the dam” is a very expensive place for hash/grass now,and the hotels + transport are a ripoff also,i tried portugal last year, 3grams of nice “blonde” hash for 15 euro, cafes much cheaper than amsterdam, very nice,bobbo

Ely1CambsUK May 1, 2012 - 23:48

Hello every one and pot lovers 🙂 I couldn’t help hearing about this tourist ban on cannabis in Holland the other day when listen to the radio and soon? and was wondering if any-body may know would it ever work !?? because I been to Amsterdam a few times and like any where else in the world money is money and the laws in Holland do seem more relax than I thought and the locals attitude towards them like the smoking ban for one,,,could this ever work with out me having to ask a stranger on the street!?!

Doing the CanCan | Global Food and Thought March 9, 2015 - 14:59

[…] NETHERLANDS Probably the most famous place in the world for smoking weed in public spaces, yet cannabis is actually an illegal class II drug in the Netherlands. The tolerance towards the ‘soft drug’ had been very high since the 1970s but in the 2000s things changed. There was a move to make the notorious coffee shops for Dutch people only with the introduction of a ‘weed pass’ (!!), but that crazy idea has not yet been officially introduced. Nonetheless, one source reports that 193 coffee shops have closed in Amsterdam since 1999 and the mayor of Amsterdam has decided that he will close 70 more in 2015. Read more here. […]

Men's Travel Bucket List: 9 Cities You Must Visit Before You Buy The Farm | October 31, 2015 - 19:30

[…] starting our travel bucket list with an all-time classic: be it because of the legal (read: tolerated) Marihuana purchase or the world-renowned red light district that is safe after sundown Amsterdam […]

Elizabeth June 13, 2017 - 18:16

it is 2017 and using it in a park never got me arrested, though I felt like a criminal cos in england, it is very illegal. so far, as of 2016 having visited amsterdam and visiting very soon again, don’t go making it obvious you are getting high as a kite. Just go in, roll, smoke, leave. That’s it. That is what is tolerated, unless the shop owners tell you updates on laws. Carrying so much weed with you is ridiculous. A couple joints from amsrerdam will knock you out to another level.

Gary October 24, 2017 - 15:22

Hey, I’m going to Amsterdam next summer and look forward to experiencing the coffee shop culture at next level.

Expect it to be super relaxing, and your info above will be helpful to know.


Cycy October 28, 2017 - 19:25

Hi everyone,
I have a question please ! Will the cofeeshop am next tuesday 31 october 2017 open? Bcuz is the haloween day maybe will be close i think?

Tanja October 29, 2017 - 09:05

Hi, all shops open as usual! (in The Netherlands, we don’t celebrate Halloween)

Balal November 1, 2017 - 15:09

Hi just a general question, looking to visit Amsterdam over Christmas. 22nd to 27th, will the coffee shops close over Christmas? Thanks

Tanja November 2, 2017 - 09:50

I’m guessing most will be closed on 25th and open all other days. Best buy and smoke in the park on Christmas Day. Enjoy!

Henk November 7, 2017 - 18:18

Stay off the drugs people. Why would you even attempt going that route! Save your money for a house, do something useful.

rob November 29, 2017 - 02:57

Anyone know if coffee shops are open on Christmas day as i have a one day layover on December 25, 2017 Christmas day and would like to smoke one while there lol…. Any other recommendations on to do list? Van Gogh and Anne Frank House i know is open but any other recommendations on hash and dining? Thanks

Tanja November 29, 2017 - 13:02

Coffee shops in the center of the city will most likely be open on Christmas Day. Lots of recommendations on this site, take a look around!

Brian January 1, 2018 - 20:45

I’m moving into Heerlen soon, and the nearest coffee shop says “legitimation required”, what kind of legitimation would I need to bring?

Tanja January 2, 2018 - 11:43

An id-card or passport of some sorts. You need to show it to prove your are over 18.

Rachael February 13, 2018 - 23:13

I can buy anything in a coffee shop as long as they are open? Didn’t know if there are time restrictions, like “after noon only”. Thanks

Tanja February 15, 2018 - 09:43

That’s correct, as long as they are open. Coffee shops are open until 00.30. Most are open all day. Enjoy!

Harry March 24, 2018 - 11:16

Hi, if I buy some weed in a coffee shop do I have to buy a drink as well if I’m smoking up in there? Is it frowned upon to buy weed and nothing else and smoke up inside the shop?

Tanja March 24, 2018 - 11:49

Hi. It’s okay to buy and smoke only. As long as you buy the product from that shop and don’t drink or eat anything you took with you. Enjoy!

Brittany Leigh Winter June 7, 2018 - 12:50

wanting to go for a smoking visit in the first week of September 2018 will the shops be open as usual? and can anyone recommend the best shops i ca go in and have a sit n a smoke in as ive read some are tiny ad just sell weed but not much facility to smoke it in. thanks in advance guys

Tanja June 8, 2018 - 15:25

Hi, All shops will be open always! In the centre of the city, many shops have places to sit and chill. Enjoy!

Ash November 15, 2018 - 12:47

U go.

grey area has hands drown best herb all around.

Cannalope haze is a fruity flavored bud you just do t see in america anymore. They also have silver bubble which is super popular and lower price but didn’t try it.

I stuck with cannalope and u.k. cheese, the only cheese worth a damn. It tastes lime honey suckle flowers, not funky like exodus or bhuddah cheese, the , u.k. cheese is the real and once e everywhete is now rare. A rare skunk that somehow ended so different just lime green crack is nothing but a skunk that had its own unique attributes, another super fruity tropical strain and makes sick hash.

Cannalope i think ties for hssh exceot i think youll yield more but hazes have such long flowering.

(Wheat the hell makes haze a haze? Makes no sense cause thetes like 3 or 4 main haze flavors and the grossest are all the pine tree tasting ones but what’s strange, in amsterdam all the super silver very fruity but in usa, every time ssh taste like jack herer, white widow, etc….WAY TOO PINEY, LIKE SMOKING PINE NEEDLES OFF A TREE. SMELLS COOL BUT YUCK TO SMOKING.


LIKE SOUR D, fror 10 years it was staff be and so loud in flavor and smell. OG Kush ang GG4 have taken over.

Seems sour d is very rare to fin d a quality super sour fuel terpy goodness. That potency in smell and taste has really taken a hit. Not that Sour D isn’t out tbete, i just think 99% are fakes or copies or just too watered Syrian adter a clone off a clone a few 1000 times.

Lisa October 30, 2018 - 16:47

Hi, I’m coming to Amsterdam in Feb of 2019. Will we be able to go into the coffee shops and buy weed and smoke it there just like the locals? We are coming from the United States and want to come and enjoy Amsterdam. I just want to make sure we can enjoy the coffee shops just like the locals. Thank you.

Tanja October 31, 2018 - 10:12

Yes, just like the locals you can buy and smoke weed in all the coffee shops in Amsterdam! Have fun!

Shiny J January 15, 2019 - 03:35

You need to update this article – many facts are wrong and the photo is at least 4 years old! “The Doors” isn’t there anymore it’s now just called “The Coffeeshop”

Tanja January 19, 2019 - 15:59

Hi. Sure the photo is an oldie, just an illustration. But the text is rather up to date. Maybe a few shops closed. What facts do you mean?

Gerry March 5, 2019 - 23:54

I will be in Amsterdam in mid June, 2019.
Do coffee boys sell joints!

Marc May 4, 2019 - 06:08

Heroin is spelled wrong in this article. A “heroine” is a female hero. The drug is spelled “heroin”.

Tanja May 7, 2019 - 18:26

Thanks, I corrected the spelling.