The neighborhood De Pijp Amsterdam lies just East of the Museum Square. The northside (De Oude Pijp) is bustling with people, bikes, terraces, restaurants and bars. The core is the Albert Cuyp Market. The southside (De Nieuwe Pijp) is a quiet neighborhood with interesting architecture. De Pijp Amsterdam neighborhood is a worthwhile area to shop, for nightlife and enjoy Amsterdam’s finest architecture.
Content of this article
Things to do in De Pijp
History and Architecture of De Pijp
- History of De Oude Pijp
- Housing in De Oude Pijp
- De New Pijp
- Amsterdam School Architecture
- The Diamond Neighbourhood
- Asscher Diamond Factory
Orientation in De Pijp
The Amsterdam Pijp neighbourhood lies next to the Museum Square, enclosed by water. The two main streets are Ferdinand Bolstraat, which runs from Heineken Brewery right into the heart of De Pijp. Here you will also find the daily market Albert Cuyp, one of the most famous of Amsterdam
The other street is Centuurbaan which crosses Ferdinand Bolstraat. The Centuurbaan runs along the Sarphatipark all the way to the Amstel river. On the other side of Centuurbaan is the Nieuwe Pijp. De Pijp is easy to reach by metro.
Map of De Pijp Amsterdam
De Pijp: Quartier Latin of Amsterdam
De Pijp is sometimes called the Quartier Latin of Amsterdam. De Pijp is certainly a very lively neighbourhood. Restaurants, cocktail bars, cafés, eateries and nightlife in De Pijp is concentrated around Ferdinand Bol and around Van der Helstplein (Square).
Apart from the daily market, there are many small boutiques for fashion, vintage, designer, antiques and second hand.
Things to do in De Pijp
The Heineken Brewery heads De Pijp at its entrance. It marks the neighbourhood with its impressive industrial building. The 22-year old Gerard Heinekenbought the building in 1863 and made Heinkeken into a world-famous beer brand. Since 1988, no beer is brewed inside the Heineken Brewery. Heineken beer is brewed outside of Amsterdam, in Zoeterwoude.
The old Heineken Brewery has been converted into a popular tourist attraction: the Heineken Experience. Touring the old brewery, you will learn the ins and outs of brewing beer.
The Albert Cuyp Market
The Albert Cuyp Market has been around since 1905. People from all over the Netherlands come to this typical Amsterdam daily market. Food and non-food items are for sale at the lively market.
Nowadays the Albert Cuyp is the place to try Dutch delicacies such as ‘poffertjes’, ‘stroopwafel’ and raw herring.
Breakfast & lunch in De Pijp
- Omelegg, omelet heaven with small wooden bench to sit outside
Ferdinand Bolstraat 143
- De Wasserette, sandwiches, not too expensive with outside terrace
Eerste van der Helststraat 27
- De Turk, a modern Turkish shop with lots of hummus, Turkish bread, fruits, veggies. Great for take away for a pick nick in the park
Van Woustraat 45bg
- BBROOD, bakery with old school desem brood.
Eerste van der Helststraat 49
- De Hutspot, über hip concept store with hairdresser and coffee and lunch
Van Woustraat 4
- Haastje Repje, long standing boutique with original women’s’ clothing
Ferdinand Bolstraat 96
- Sjerpentine, hysterical shop for women’s clothing and accessories
1e van der Helststraat 33
- Duikelman, long standing quality shop with kitchen ware for pro’s and amateur cooks.
Ferdinand Bolstraat 68-68A
Dinner & Nightlife in De Pijp
There are no clubs in De Pijp, only bars and cafés. Around ‘Gerard Douplein’ and the Marie-Heineken plein there are many bars and restaurants. And of course many, many ‘burger bars’.
- De Tulp, lunch & dinner in small bites, cocktails in a tropical ambience
Marie Heinekenplein 33
- Café Gollum, fine ‘brown’ beer bar, one of 4 in Amsterdam
Daniel Stalpertstraat 74
- Calle Ocho, food till 23.00, small bites till 0300 at this cozy Mexican flavoured place
Albert Cuypstraat 226
- Mana Mana, small vegetarian restaurant with excellent reviews
1e Jan Steenstraat 85
- Boca, fun place with quality tapas plates to share
- Brouwerij Troost (brewery) serves and produces its own beer
Cornelis Troostplein 21
- Café Kingfisher, long standing popular bar that’s always busy
Ferdinand Bolstraat 24-II
- Glouglou, a new winebar and shop with vins natural (natural wines, no additives)
Tweede Van der Helsstraat 3
History of The Old Pijp (De Oude Pijp)
Until 1870, De Pijp was an agricultural area. The street later known as Ferdinand Bol was lined with windmills. But the population grew fast in those years, so the city decided they needed to expand quickly. But instead of working out a grand plan, the city decided to sell the plots to whoever had the funds.
For the first time, banks started to give out mortgages to investors who saw building houses as a way of making good money fast. The investorsused cheap materials to quickly build houses. De Pijp was built chaotically and in the worst way possible. We call this type of building Revolution Architecture. You can still the result of the Revolution Building in De Pijp. The street plan still follows the old waterways of the agricultural function it once had. The streets are very long.
Housing in De Pijp: small and noisy
The front side of typical Pijp houses are small, only 5 tot 6 meters. But they are very deep, about 12 meters deep. The houses have 2 doors: one for the downstairs, where there is a shop or a house and one for the staircase that leads upstairs.
The houses have 3 windows. The staircases are super narrow, the rooms are very small, there is bad isolation against humidity, cold and noise. Only one small balcony to dry laundry.
The floors are divided up into two separate apartments (front room and back room), each of 25 m2 in size. A family of 5 or 7 people lived here in tiny, humid and dark rooms. De Pijp was not as poor as the Jordaan District though. The people who lived here owned small businesses were students or worked for the government, like policemen, teachers or government workers.
De Pijp: cheap and poor quality houses
Still, the area, then known as YY, was ridiculed in the newspapers as a place you had to get out of as quickly as possible. Some buildings had started to collapse shortly after they were finished.
The Pijp’s cheap and poor quality housing attracted the bohemians of the city: drunks, dreamers, pioneers and prostitutes. Beerhouses and cheap hostels organised all sorts of clandestine entertainment.
Prostitution in De Pijp Amsterdam
The Pijp was soon known for its prostitutes. Along the Sarphatipark there were many brothels. Here, whores rented rooms for their customers for a short time. You can still find the remnants of this history along the Ruysdaelkade, where up to this day, prostitutes offer their services behind red-lit windows. This was also the time and place a new literary movement started, called the Eightiers (Tachtigers).
Immigrants in De Pijp
Many immigrants looking for a better life settled in De Pijp. First, Jewish families. Remnants are the synagogue located at Gerard Doustraat and the beautiful diamond cutter of Asscher (see Nieuwe Pijp) In the 60s of the 20th-century Spanish people, employed in the Heineken brewery arrived.
The New Pijp (De Nieuwe Pijp)
De Nieuwe Pijp is the part of De Pijp that lies south of Van der Helstplein. This part was built as a part of a large scale city plan made by famous Dutch architect Berlage in 1917, Plan Zuid.
Amsterdam School Architecture
The New Pijp is known for its expressionist Amsterdam School architecture. The best-known example is the monumental building De Dageraad. De Dageraad is a complex of several buildings made by Dutch architects Michel de Klerk en Piet Kramer on order by socialist housing corporation De Dageraad.
The architects believed in the socialist principles of their clients. The aesthetically responsible housing would contribute to the uplifting of the working class. Inside, the houses had 3 or 4 rooms, a huge improvement. But the houses were not very functional. Aesthetics played a more important role than functionality.
Visitors Centre De Dageraad
De Dageraad has its own Visitors Centre, free to visit Friday, Saturday and Sunday between 11am-5pm. Excursions in the area are organised by Museum Het Schip.
One of the most famous novel in Dutch literature takes part in this neighourhood: De Avonden. Writer Gerard Reve lived on number 415 of Jozef Israelskade, corner with Diamantstraat, with his parents. Here he wrote his famous book in 1947.
The Diamond Neighbourhood (Diamantbuurt)
The Diamond neighbourhood in The New Pijp is (for Dutch people) recognizable for its names of precious stones: Diamantstraat, Robijnstraat, Saffierstraat, Smaragdstraat, Topaasstraat, en Granaatstraat.
The whole area is nice for a walk around because there are so many remarkable buildings and monuments. The ‘workers’ palaces’ you can recognize by their vertical lines and yellow-green window seels.
Asscher Diamond Factory
The monumental building of Diamond cutter Asscher is worth a look. The factory dates back to 1907. The Asscher Factory made world news in 1908 when the British King Edward VII ordered the diamond cutter Abraham Asscher to polish the Cullinan, the biggest and most famous diamond in the world.
In the best years, there were 300 people working in this factory, most of whom live in the Diamond Neighbourhood. Abraham Asscher was not religious, but felt very connected to the Jewish community and fulfilled many public functions in Jewish organisations. Asscher returned from concentration camp Bergen-Belsen after the war, mentally destroyed and cut all ties with the Jewish community.
In the centre of the Diamond Neighbourhood stands the Bathhouse. Originally, this was the local bathhouse, a place where people came to get a bath before houses were equipped with a shower.
A part of the Diamond Neighbourhood in De Pijp Amsterdam consists of small workers’ houses, crated by architect A.L van Gendt. They were built in the 1890s as model houses for workers in the then agricultural area. This area is now a national monument.
The building known as Cinétol is totally different from the Amsterdam School architecture. It’s built in the style of the New Building (Het Nieuwe Bouwen). Cinétol is the former temple of the Theosophical Society, built in 1927. Typical for the theosophical movement are the many geometrical figures like circles and triangles.
Unfortunately, Krishnamurti, seen as the reincarnation of Christ, left the movement shortly after the building was finished, thereby creating a split in its followers and a descent in its numbers. During and after the war Cinétol became a cinema. Nowadays it’s a public library with some archives of the old theosophical movement.